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Details Regarding Patriotic Exercises Such as Display and Care of the Flag and Recitation of the Pledge of Allegiance
(as of Aug. 2003)



Key:
US Specifies U.S. flag must be displayed in schools
State Specifies state’s flag must be displayed in schools
Con Includes conscientious objector statement (pledge)
Rel Provides for religious exclusion (pledge)
Care Includes instruction in use and care of the flag
Site Specifies where flag is to be placed
Time Specifies time allotted during the school day (pledge)

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

 

State Citation Grade US State Language Con Rel Care Site Time Note
AL Ala. Code § 16-6B- 2 All grades Requires each character education plan to include pledge
AL Ala. Code § 16-43- 5 K-12 X Affords opportunity to voluntarily recite pledge X
AK Alaska Stat. § 14.03.130 Schoolbuilding X X Requires Pledge of Allegiance be recited regularly X May recite or maintain a respectful silence; all persons must be informed of right not to recite
AR Ark. Code. Ann. § 6-16-122 Ark. Code Ann. § 6-16-106 K-12 X X Requires State Board of Education to adopt policy to require daily recitation of pledge X X Recitation shall occur during the first class of each school day; no student shall be compelled to recite if parent or guardian objects
AZ Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 15-717 School building May read or post pledge
AZ Ariz. Rev. Stat. § 15-506 School building X Sets aside specific time each day for students who wish to recite the pledge X X Purchase flag, flagstaff and appurtenances, display upon or near the school building
CA Cal. Code § 52720 K-12 X
CO Colo. Rev. Stat. § 22-1-106 All grades; daily Requires daily recitation of Pledge of Allegiance X X X
CT Conn. Gen. Stat. § 10-230 All grades X Notes that no person shall be required to recite the pledge X
DE Del. Code Ann. tit.14 § 4105 Public schools Requires students to salute and pledge each morning X
FL Fla. Stat. ch. 233.0651 School building or classroom May read or post pledge
GA Ga. Code Ann. § 20-2-310 Public schools X Affords students the opportunity to recite pledge X X State superintendent to prepare a program of flag instruction, use and display
ID Idaho Code § 33- 1602 K-12 X Requires pledge to be given X X Proper use, display, respect
IL 105 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/27-3 All public schools X Requires recitation of pledge X X X X Proper use and display
IN Ind. Code Ann. § 20-10.1-4-2.5 School building or classroom May read or post
KS Kan. Stat. Ann. § 72-5308 Public schools Requires daily recitation X
KY Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 158.195 Public schools May read or post pledge
KY Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 158.175 K-12 X X Establishes policy so students may participate X X X Pupils learn of nation’s freedoms, pledge and reading Lord's prayer daily to affirm history and freedom of religion
LA La. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 17:2115 La. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 49:153 All grades X Provides opportunity for group recitation X State flag shall be flown over schools currently flying U.S. flag
MA Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 71, § 69 Each school X Requires pledge to be led in group recitation X X X The Justices of the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts declared to the Governor on May 16, 1977 that teachers and students cannot be disciplined for refusing to recite the pledge
MD Md. Code Ann., Education § 7-105 Public schools X Requires all students and teachers to recite pledge X X X Includes physical stance required; act of disrespect is in violation of law; argues that love of freedom and democracy shown in devotion of all true and patriotic Americans to their flag and country; shall be instilled in the hearts and minds of the youth of America
MN Minn. Stat. Ann. § 121A.11 All grades X Allows any student or teacher to decline to participate in recitation of the pledge X Recitation one or more times per week
MO Mo. Rev. Stat. § 171.021 All grades X Requires pledge to be recited in at least one class of every pupil enrolled in that school at least once per week X X No student shall be required to recite Pledge of Allegiance
MS Miss. Code Ann. § 37-13-5 Miss. Code Ann. § 37-13-6 Public schools X X Specifies that U.S. flag shall be displayed in each classroom and in each principal room of the school X X X X X Any student or teacher who objects to reciting the oath of allegiance shall be excused without penalty
MT Mont. Code Ann. § 20-4-301 X Recommends recitation of pledge X Teacher duty, refusal allowed
MT Mont. Code Ann. § 20-7-133 K-12 X Requires recitation of pledge but provides exemption for students and teachers
X X Daily K-6; weekly 7-12. District required to notify student and teacher of right to not participate
NC N.C. Gen. Stat. § 115C-47 Classrooms X X Encourages display and recitation X X Time is "regular" basis, instruction on meaning and historical origins of the flag
ND N.D. Cent. Code, § 15-47-37 Elementary X Calls for pledge to precede each day's study X Also instruction regarding words and music of National Anthem so students are able to recite or sing the words, recognize the music
NH N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 194:15-c7 All grades Requires school districts to authorize period of time during school day for recitation of the pledge X X Pupil participation in the recitation of the pledge shall be voluntary
NJ N.J. Stat. Ann. § 18A:36-3 Each school X Requires pupils to recite pledge X X X Includes physical stance required; allows for foreign student exclusion
NM N.M. Stat. Ann. § 22-5-4.5 Each public school Calls for pledge to be recited X
NY N.Y. (Education) § 802 Public schools X Provides for minimums X X
OK OK Stat. § 70-24-106 Each school X Authorizes students to recite pledge at beginning of each school day X X X Includes posting notice in conspicuous place that students are not required to recite the pledge
OH Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 3313.602 School X Calls for policy specifying whether or not pledge will be part of the school's program If established, local board also to specify time and manner of recitation
OR Or. Rev. Stat. § 339.875 School X X Gives students opportunity to recite pledge X X At least once each week of the school year; students who do not participate must maintain respectful silence
PA Pa. Cons. Stat. § 7-771 All grades X Requires recitation of the pledge or singing of the national anthem at beginning of each school day X X X X Students may decline to recite
RI R.I. Gen. Laws § 16-20-4 K-12 X Calls for printed program providing for uniform salute X Teachers’ duty to prepare a program of patriotic exercises for the proper observance of Grand Army Flag Day
RI R. I. Gen. Laws § 16-22-11 Pre-K-12 Calls for pledge to commence the day X X Any person not wishing to participate is exempt
SC S.C. Code Ann. § 59-1-455 K-12 Requires students to say the pledge X X Exemption clause with expression of nonparticipation without disruption allowed
SD S.D. Codified Laws § 13-24-17.25 Each School Specifies right to post U.S. flag, recite pledge or sing National Anthem in any school classroom, building or event
TN Tenn. Code Ann. § 49-6-1001 Each classroom in which a flag is displayed Encourages school boards to have a flag in every classroom X X No student shall be compelled to recite the pledge if the student or the parent or guardian objects
TX Texas Code Ann. § 25.082 Each school X X Requires students to recite the Pledge of Allegiance to the U.S. and state flag; once during each school day Students excused from recitation upon written request of parent or guardian
UT Utah Code Ann. § 53A-13-101.6 Elementary Calls for pledge to be recited at beginning of day in each elementary public school; encourages local boards to provide recitation once per week in secondary X X Notice of right not to recite pledge must be posted in conspicuous place; students excused from recitation upon written request from parents
VA Va. Code Ann. § 22.1-202 One or more grades X X Requires instruction in history and principles of the flag X X Guidelines to be developed ensuring compliance with constitutional restrictions and rights
WA Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 28A.230.140 Every public school X Requires flag to be displayed near every school X X X X Specifies pledge/anthem at school assemblies and inter-school events
WI Wis. Stat. § 118.06 Public and private schools grades 1-8 X Requires flag to be displayed; pledge shall be offered X X X At least one day per week
WV W. Va. Code § 18-5-15b Public schools X Calls for pledge to be commenced X X
State Citation Grade US State Language Con Rel Care Site Time Note