X

ProCon.org Feels Free, But It Isn't

You can always expect thoroughly researched pros, cons, and related information on today’s hottest topics at ProCon.org. Your tax-deductible donations keep this service free and ad-free for 25+ million students, teachers, journalists, and regular folks.
ProCon.org Feels Free, But It Isn't

You can always expect thoroughly researched pros, cons, and related information on today’s hottest topics at ProCon.org. Your tax-deductible donations keep this service free and ad-free for 25+ million students, teachers, journalists, and regular folks.

ProCon.org is needed now more than ever before. These are divisive times. Emotions are heightened. It’s harder to have respectful conversations and to find common ground. ProCon.org gives everyone an unbiased exploration of important issues to encourage understanding and critical thinking. We can all heal the increasing divide and ground conversations with facts. Millions use our site every year, but few give. We’re going to start changing that with your help. Thank you for making a donation today and for sharing ProCon.org with others.
SUPPORT PROCON.ORGX







The Pledge of Allegiance was first added to the US Flag Code in June 1942.


The words "under God" were added in December, 1954, and the full code, which includes the caring for and treatment of the flag, has been amended several times since.

I. Text of Pledge of Allegiance

US Flag Code Title 4, Chapter 1, Sec. 4 is where the US government presents the official text of the Pledge of Allegiance. It reads:

"I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America, and to the Republic for which it stands, one Nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all."

US Code Title 4, Chapter 1, Sec. 4 Jan. 2, 2006 (PDF 48KB)

II. How the Flag Should be Saluted

US Flag Code Title 4, Chapter 1, Sec. 4 dictates the flag should be saluted in the following manner:

"The Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag [referenced above] should be rendered by standing at attention facing the flag with the right hand over the heart. When not in uniform men should remove their headdress with their right hand and hold it at the left shoulder, the hand being over the heart. Persons in uniform should remain silent, face the flag, and render the military salute. (Added Pub. L. 105-225, Sec. 2(a), Aug. 12, 1998, 112 Stat. 1494.)"

US Code Title 4, Chapter 1, Sec. 4 Jan. 2, 2006 (PDF 48KB)

III. Who Can Change the Flag Code

US Flag Code Title 4, Chapter 1, Sec. 10, in effect as of Jan. 20, 2004, gives the President of the United States the authority to change the US Flag Code:

"Any rule or custom pertaining to the display of the flag of the United States of America, set forth herein, may be altered, modified, or repealed, or additional rules with respect thereto may be prescribed, by the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces of the United States, whenever he deems it to be appropriate or desirable; and any such alteration or additional rule shall be set forth in a proclamation. (Added Pub. L. 105-225, Sec. 2(a), Aug. 12, 1998, 112 Stat. 1498.)"

US Code Title 4, Chapter 1, Sec. 10 Jan. 20, 2004 (PDF 9KB)