Last updated on: 5/29/2009 | Author:

US Senate Biography

Pro to the question "Should the Words “under God” Be in the US Pledge of Allegiance?"

“Whereas Congress in 1954 added the words ‘under God’ to the Pledge of Allegiance;

Whereas the Pledge of Allegiance has for almost 50 years included references to the U.S. flag, the country, to our country having been established as a union ‘under God’ and to this country being dedicated to securing ‘liberty and justice for all;’

Whereas the Congress in 1954 believed it was acting constitutionally when it revised the Pledge of Allegiance;

Whereas this Senate of the 107th Congress believes that the Pledge of Allegiance is not an unconstitutional expression of patriotism…

Now, therefore, be it Resolved, That the Senate strongly disapproves of the Ninth Circuit Decision in Newdow v. U.S. Congress. SEC. 2 That the Senate authorizes and instructs the Senate Legal Counsel to seek to intervene in the case to defend the constitutionality of the Pledge of Allegiance.”

Senate Resolution 292, June 26, 2002


“The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof, for six Years; and each Senator shall have one Vote…

No Person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty Years, and been nine Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State for which he shall be chosen.

The Vice President of the United States shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no Vote, unless they be equally divided.

The Senate shall chuse their other Officers, and also a President pro tempore, in the Absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise the Office of President of the United States…”

Article 1, Section 3, United States Constitution


“To form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity…”

Preamble, United States Constitution

Government organization
Quoted in:
  1. Is the Pledge of Allegiance a Religious Exercise?