Last updated on: 3/10/2008 | Author: ProCon.org

Universal Pantheist Society (UPS) Biography

Position:
Con to the question "Should the Words “under God” Be in the US Pledge of Allegiance?"
Reasoning:

“Amicus presents the considerable diversity of tests used by this Court in weighing whether government actions tending to establish religion are barred by the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution. Amicus argues that the Congress’s addition of the words ‘Under God’ to the Pledge of Allegiance in 1954 violates all of those tests, and further, that the Elk Grove Unified School District’s current policy requiring the recitation of the Pledge of Allegiance including that language both violates the Establishment Clause and constitutes compulsion of speech as prohibited by the First Amendment to the United States Constitution. Amicus further argues that the Elk Grove Unified School District’s policy of requiring the recitation of the Pledge of Allegiance including ‘Under God’ violates Constitutionally protected interests of the family unit.”

Elk Grove Unified School District v. Michael A. Newdow, Universal Pantheist Society Amicus Brief, 2003

Description:

“The Universal Pantheist Society (UPS), formed in 1975…publishes a quarterly journal advancing the ideas of modern Pantheism, a website, and offers discussion groups for its members, who are located in approximately 27 states.”

Elk Grove Unified School District v. Michael A. Newdow, Universal Pantheist Society Amicus Brief, 2003

Mission:

“The purposes of the Society are: ‘to unite Pantheists everywhere into a common fellowship, to undertake the conveyance of information about Pantheism to the interested public, to encourage discussion and communication among Pantheists, to provide mutual aid and defense of Pantheists everywhere, to stimulate a revision of social attitudes away from anthropocentrism and toward reverence for the Earth and a vision of the ultimate context for human existence, and to take appropriate action toward the protection and restoration of the Earth.’ Pantheists seek to improve their relationship with the natural world as their fundamental religious responsibility.”

Universal Pantheist Society website (accessed Apr. 30, 2007)

Other:
Non-profit 501(c)(3)