Last updated on: 5/20/2009 | Author: ProCon.org

Thomas Paine Biography

Title:
Revolutionary leader
Position:
None Found to the question "Should the Words “under God” Be in the US Pledge of Allegiance?"
Reasoning:

No position found as of Mar. 12, 2008

Theoretical Expertise Ranking:
    Experts
Individuals with JD's, or equivalent advanced degrees in fields relevant to government and constitutional law. Also top-level government officials (such as foreign leaders, US presidents, Founding Fathers, Supreme Court Justices, members of legislative bodies, cabinet members, military leaders, etc.) with positions relevant to government and constitutional law.
Involvement and Affiliations:
  • Returned to America on an invitation from Thomas Jefferson. Paine discovered that his contributions to the American Revolution had been all but eradicated due to his religious views. Derided by the public and abandoned by his friends, he died on June 8, 1809 at the age of 72 in New York City, 1802
  • Imprisoned in France for not endorsing the execution of Louis XVI. He was freed in 1794 (narrowly escaping execution) thanks to the efforts of James Monroe, then U.S. Minister to France, 1793
  • Returned to England. Pursued other ventures, including working on a smokeless candle and an iron bridge, 1783
  • Produced The Crisis (1776-83), which helped inspire the Army. This pamphlet was “so popular that as a percentage of the population, it was read by more people than today watch the Superbowl,” 1776-1783
  • Joined the Continental Army and was unsuccessful as a soldier, 1776
  • Co-editor of the Pennsylvania Magazine. Published his “African Slavery in America,” criticizing slavery in America as being unjust and inhumane, 1775
  • Met Benjamin Franklin in London, who helped him emigrate to Philadelphia, 1774
Education:
  • None found
Other:
  • Born in Thetford, England on January 29, 1737. He married Mary Lambert in 1759. She died the next year. On the March 26, 1771 he married Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel Ollive, with whom he had lodged.
  • Deceased on June 8, 1809 at the age of 72 in New York City.