Last updated on: 3/10/2008 | Author: ProCon.org

Society for Humanistic Judaism Biography

Position:
Con to the question "Should the Words “under God” Be in the US Pledge of Allegiance?"
Reasoning:

“The current version of the Pledge of Allegiance, as amended in 1954 to include the phrase ‘under God,’ violates the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment… The Pledge is not ceremonial deism as defined by this Court. Reciting the Pledge is an active swearing of loyalty to one’s country, not a passive reading or even reciting of a historical document. Furthermore, the phrase ‘under God,’ like all other phrases in the Pledge, has a distinctive meaning: that this country is presently a nation ‘under God,’ not a historical acknowledgement that it was founded under a god… The use of the current version of the Pledge in public schools violates this Court’s coercion analysis. Reciting ‘under God’ is a religious act. Children, while theoretically having the right to opt out of reciting the Pledge, may not do so because of fear of exposure as outsiders, because they do not have the capacity to do so, or because they wish not to appear unpatriotic to their teacher and classmates. Furthermore, the wish of parents for their children not to recite the Pledge may be ignored, indoctrinating them against the parents’ will.”

Elk Grove Unified School District v. Michael A. Newdow, The Society for Humanistic Judaism Amicus Brief, Feb. 12, 2004

Theoretical Expertise Ranking:
  Organizations/VIPs/Other
Individuals and organizations that do not fit into the other star categories.
Description:

“The Society for Humanistic Judaism is the central body of the national Humanistic Jewish movement…The Society assists in organizing and supporting congregations and in providing a voice for its members.”

Elk Grove Unified School District v. Michael A. Newdow, The Society for Humanistic Judaism Amicus Brief, Feb. 12, 2004

Mission:

“The Society’s mission is to mobilize people to celebrate Jewish identity and culture consistent with a humanistic philosophy of life.”

Elk Grove Unified School District v. Michael A. Newdow, The Society for Humanistic Judaism Amicus Brief, Feb. 12, 2004

Other:
Non-profit 501(c)(3)