Last updated on: 2/29/2008 | Author:

Sandra Day O'Connor, LLB Biography

Former Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court
Pro to the question "Should the Words “under God” Be in the US Pledge of Allegiance?"

“Fifty years have passed since the words ‘under God’ were added, a span of time that is not inconsiderable given the relative youth of our Nation. In that time, the Pledge has become, alongside the singing of the Star-Spangled Banner, our most routine ceremonial act of patriotism; countless schoolchildren recite it daily, and their religious heterogeneity reflects that of the Nation as a whole. As a result, the Pledge and the context in which it is employed are familiar and nearly inseparable in the public mind.”

Concurring opinion in Elk Grove v. Newdow, June 14, 2004

Involvement and Affiliations:
  • Lifetime Achievement Award, National Association of Women Judges, 2006
  • The West Point Sylvanus Thayer Award, West Point, 2005
  • Joan and David Lincoln Award for Public Virtue. Arizona State University, 2005
  • Benjamin Franklin Creativity Laureate Prize, Smithsonian Associates and the Creativity Foundation, 2005
  • Compass Award for Excellence in Civic Learning, PennCord, 2005
  • Associate Justice, United States Supreme Court, 1981-2005
  • Bruce K. Gould Award, Touro Law Center, 2004
  • Aspen Institute Public Service Award, Aspen Institute, 2004
  • Philadelphia Liberty Medal, We the People 2000, 2003
  • Sandra Day O’Connor Medal of Honor, Seton Hall University School of Law, 1992
  • Judge, Arizona Court of Appeals, 1979-1981
  • Judge, Maricopa County Superior Court, 1975-1979
  • Senate Majority Leader, Arizona State Senate, 1973-1974
  • Senator, Arizona State Senate, 1969-1973
  • Assistant Attorney General, State of Arizona, 1965–1969
  • Attorney, Maryvale, Arizona, 1958–1960
  • Civilian Attorney, Quartermaster Market Center, Frankfurt, Germany, 1954–1957
  • Deputy County Attorney, San Mateo County, California, 1952–1953
  • LLB, Stanford Law School, 1952
  • BA, Magna Cum Laude, Economics, Stanford University, 1950
  • First woman appointed to the US Supreme Court
Quoted in:
  1. Should the Words "under God" Be in the US Pledge of Allegiance?