Last updated on: 8/22/2007 | Author:

Patrick S. O'Donnell, MA Biography

Adjunct Instructor in the Department of Philosophy at Santa Barbara City College
Con to the question "Should the Words “under God” Be in the US Pledge of Allegiance?"

“Plainly and simply, a reference to God in the Pledge of Allegiance, or in the courthouse or Congress for that matter, entails government affirmation of a religious premise that favors one or a few religions over others, a clear violation of the nonestablishment norm of the First Amendment, and all the more troubling given the coercive nature of the Pledge (or the oath sworn to God in the courtroom).”

Apr. 2004

Involvement and Affiliations:
  • Adjunct Faculty, Department of Philosophy, Santa Barbara City College, 2000-present
  • MA, Religious Studies, University of California, Santa Barbara, 1991
  • BA, Religious Studies, University of California, Santa Barbara, 1984
  • None found
Quoted in:
  1. Should the Words "under God" Remain in the Pledge if a Majority of Americans Want to Keep It?