Last updated on: 2/3/2009 | Author:

Pacific Research Institute Biography

Pro to the question "Should the Words “under God” Be in the US Pledge of Allegiance?"

“The words ‘under God’ in the Pledge…are permissible expressions of patriotism and do not violate the Establishment Clause. The drafters of the Pledge intended that it should be read by school children to encourage a profound respoect for the origins on this country. References to a supreme being can be found in numerous historical documents including the Declaration of Independence. It is also found on the nation’s currency and in the National Motto. The inclusion of the words ‘under God’ does not detract from recognition that the Pledge is an expression of patriotism.”

Elk Grove Unified School District v. Michael A. Newdow, Pacific Research Institute Amicus Brief, Dec. 18, 2003


“The Pacific Research Institute (PRI) is a free-market think tank providing practical solutions for the issues that affect the daily lives of individuals.”

Pacific Research Institute website (accessed Apr. 30, 2007)


“The mission of the Pacific Research Institute (PRI) is to champion freedom, opportunity, and personal responsibility for all individuals by advancing free-market policy solutions.”

Pacific Research Institute website (accessed Apr. 30, 2007)

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