- Pro to the question "Should the Words “under God” Be in the US Pledge of Allegiance?"
“The recitation of the Pledge of Allegiance, when considered in its entirety and in its full context, cannot be considered a religious exercise. First, the words ‘under God’…are a historical statement, not a supplication, as would be the case in a prayer or similar religious exercise. Second, the words of the Pledge, read as a whole, are clearly the words of a patriotic statement, not of a religious invocation…This perception is strengthened by the physical acts that accompany the Pledge, such as turning to view the flag. The entire focus of the activity is the flag, which students recognize as a patriotic symbol, not as a religious one. The fact that the flag, rather than God or religion, is the focus of the Pledge, is the very reason why some religious students choose not to participate in its recitation.”
Elk Grove Unified School District v. Michael A. Newdow, National School Boards Association Amicus Brief,
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Individuals and organizations that do not fit into the other star categories.
“Founded in 1940, the National School Boards Association (NSBA) is a not-for-profit federation of 49 state associations of school boards across the United States, the Hawai‘i State Board of Education, and the boards of education of the District of Columbia, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and Guam. NSBA also represents the nation’s 95,000 school board members who, in turn, govern more than 14,000 local school districts that serve more than 47 million public school students. NSBA is dedicated to the improvement of public education in America and has long been involved in broad-based efforts to find reasonable common ground regarding issues of religion in public schools.”
Elk Grove Unified School District v. Michael A. Newdow, National School Boards Association Amicus Brief, Dec. 2003
“Excellence in equity and public education through school board leadership.”
NSBA website (accessed Apr. 30, 2007)
- Non-profit 501(c)(3)
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