Last updated on: 8/22/2007 | Author: ProCon.org

Joseph A. Zavaletta, JD Biography

Title:
Director of Center for Civic Engagement at the University of Texas at Brownsville/Texas Southmost College (UTB/TSC)
Position:
Pro to the question "Should the Words “under God” Be in the US Pledge of Allegiance?"
Reasoning:

“I do support the words ‘under God’ in the Pledge of Allegiance. The American founders referred to God three times in the Declaration of Independence, the founding document of the United States.

  • First, they acknowledged God as Lawgiver in the ‘laws of Nature and Nature’s God.’
  • Second, they relied on God as Creator who had endowed men with the ‘inalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.’
  • And third, the founders relied on God as the Supreme Judge of the World to judge the ‘rectitude of [their] intentions’ between the colonies and England.

The Pledge of Allegiance is a reference to God as Creator, not Redeemer, and does not establish a religion, but only an historical acknowledgement of His Providential role in the founding of America.”

Email to ProCon.org, June 29, 2005

Involvement and Affiliations:
  • Director for the University of Texas at Brownsville/Texas Southmost College (UTB/TSC) Center for Civic Engagement
  • Professor of Business Law, University of Texas at Brownsville
  • Former trial lawyer
  • Outstanding Educator of the Southern Academy of Legal Studies in Business
  • Chancellor’s Council Outstanding Teaching Award
Education:
  • JD, Regent University, Virginia Beach, VA
  • MA, Regent University, Virginia Beach, VA
  • BS, University of Texas at Austin
Other:
  • None found
Quoted in:
  1. Should the Words "under God" Be in the US Pledge of Allegiance?