Last updated on: 5/20/2009 | Author: ProCon.org

John Jay Biography

Title:
Founding Father of the United States and First Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court
Position:
None Found to the question "Should the Words “under God” Be in the US Pledge of Allegiance?"
Reasoning:

No position found as of Mar. 12, 2008

Theoretical Expertise Ranking:
    Experts
Individuals with JD's, or equivalent advanced degrees in fields relevant to government and constitutional law. Also top-level government officials (such as foreign leaders, US presidents, Founding Fathers, Supreme Court Justices, members of legislative bodies, cabinet members, military leaders, etc.) with positions relevant to government and constitutional law.
Involvement and Affiliations:
  • President, American Bible Society, 1821-1828
  • Governor, New York, 1795-1781
  • First Chief Justice, United States, 1789-1795
  • Contributed five papers to The Federalist, 1768
  • Secretary of Foreign Affairs, United States, 1784-1789
  • Commissioner, Paris negotiations (to negotiate peace with Great Britain), 1781
  • Minister Plenipotentiary to Spain, 1779
  • President, Continental Congress, 1778
  • Chief Justice of New York, 1777
  • Guided the drafting of the first New York state constitution, 1777
  • Delegate, First and Second Continental Congresses, 1774-1777
  • Admitted to the bar, 1768
Education:
  • King’s College, 1764
Other:
  • Born: 1745
  • Deceased: 1829
  • In pre-Revolutionary activities he reflected the views of the conservative colonial merchant, opposing British actions but not favoring independence. Once the Declaration of Independence was proclaimed, however, he energetically supported the patriot cause.
  • When the still-unsettled controversies with Great Britain threatened to involve the United States in war, Jay was drafted for a mission to England in 1794, where he concluded what is known as Jay’s Treaty.
  • In 1801 he declined reelection for Governor of New York, and also renomination to the U.S. Supreme Court and retired to his farm at Bedford in Westchester County, N.Y. for the remaining 28 years of his life.
  • Married to Sarah, daughter of William Livingston, which allied him with that influential family.