Last updated on: 5/20/2009 | Author: ProCon.org

John Adams Biography

Title:
Second President of the United States
Position:
None Found to the question "Should the Words “under God” Be in the US Pledge of Allegiance?"
Reasoning:

No position found

Theoretical Expertise Ranking:
    Experts
Individuals with JD's, or equivalent advanced degrees in fields relevant to government and constitutional law. Also top-level government officials (such as foreign leaders, US presidents, Founding Fathers, Supreme Court Justices, members of legislative bodies, cabinet members, military leaders, etc.) with positions relevant to government and constitutional law.
Involvement and Affiliations:
  • Second President, United States, 1797-1801
  • Vice President, United States, under George Washington, 1789-1797
  • Minister to the Court of St. James, London, 1785-1788
  • Served in France and Holland in diplomatic roles, and helped negotiate the treaty of peace between the U.S. and Great Britain, 1777-1782
  • Elected to the General Court, lower house of the Massachusetts legislature, 1770
  • Former clerk, Suffolk County Bar Association, 1770
  • Defended British Captain Thomas Preston, who is said to have ordered British troops to fire upon citizens in what became known as “The Boston Massacre,” 1770
  • Wrote a protest on behalf of his town against the Stamp Act, 1765
  • Began to publish a series of newspaper essays entitled, “Dissertation On Canon and Feudal Law,” 1765
  • Gained a place in the community ruling organization Braintree Town Meeting, 1761
Education:
  • Admitted to the bar (after studying under James Putnam), 1758
  • BA, Harvard University, 1755
Other:
  • None found
Quoted in:
  1. Was the US Founded "under God"?