- Pro to the question "Should the Words “under God” Be in the US Pledge of Allegiance?"
“As the Pro/Con site demonstrates, our national and state governments have included references to God or a Supreme Being since their inception. These phrases, while unquestionably religious in nature, truly have taken on a more historical context and, as such, their coercive effect seems, at most, minimal. The notion that we must excise all references to God from our government despite our Founding Fathers’ own references to God at the time they were embracing the First Amendment seems nonsensical. In my view, when the likelihood of coercion is speculative, the reference to God minimal and, in part, historic, and the adult’s participation voluntary, I do not believe the Establishment Clause prohibits the use of the phrase ‘under God’ in the Pledge.”
Email to ProCon.org, Nov. 3, 2005
- Theoretical Expertise Ranking:
Individuals with JD's, or equivalent advanced degrees in fields relevant to government and constitutional law. Also top-level government officials (such as foreign leaders, US presidents, Founding Fathers, Supreme Court Justices, members of legislative bodies, cabinet members, military leaders, etc.) with positions relevant to government and constitutional law.
- Involvement and Affiliations:
- Law Partner, Bogue Koury & Marylander LLC, 1998-present
- Partner, Leventhal & Bogue, P.C., 1994-1997
- Partner, Esner, Marylander, Zakheim & Higa, 1990-1994
- Senior Research Attorney, California Court of Appeal, 1988-1990
- Associate, Horvitz, Levy & Amerian, 1986-1988
- Associate, Memel, Jacobs, Pierno, Gersh & Ellsworth, 1985-1986
- Staff, Loyola L.A. Ent. Law Journal
- Admitted to bar, 1985, California; 1987, U.S. Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit; 1993, Colorado; 1994, U.S. Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit; 1995, U.S. District Court, District of Colorado; 1996, U.S. District Court, District of Arizona.
- Member: Colorado (Member, Ethics Committee, 1998-1999) and American Bar Associations; State Bar of California; Colorado Trial Lawyers Association; The Association of Trial Lawyers of America; Trial Lawyers for Public Justice; Roscoe Pound Foundation.
- JD, Loyola University, 1985
- BA, University of California, Berkeley, 1982
- None found
- Quoted in: