Last updated on: 3/7/2008 | Author:

Columbia Encyclopedia Biography

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“Containing nearly 51,000 entries (marshalling six and one-half million words on a vast range of topics), and with more than 80,000 hypertext cross-references, the current Sixth Edition is among the most complete and up-to-date encyclopedias ever produced.”

“Columbia Encyclopedia,” (accessed Mar. 7, 2008)


“Named after the humble character of Melville’s classic, Bartleby the Scrivener, publishes the most up-to-date collection of reference works, as well as classic works of reference, fiction, nonfiction and verse—all free of charge for the home, classroom and desktop of each and every Internet user. What began as a personal research experiment in 1993 with the publication of the first classic book on the web, Walt Whitman’s Leaves of Grass, has grown with the patronage of millions of loyal readers to incorporate in 1999 and create an innovative electronic book experience. Our ever-expanding list of great books—currently thousands of works by hundreds of authors—provides millions of students, educators and the intellectually curious with unparalleled access to online reference books and classics and forms the preeminent electronic publishing enterprise of the twenty-first century.”

“Mission Statement,” (accessed Mar. 7, 2008)

Privately held company, incorporated in Sep.1999