Last updated on: 2/3/2009 | Author:

American Jewish Congress, Inc. Biography

Pro to the question "Should the Words “under God” Be in the US Pledge of Allegiance?"

“[T]he phrase ‘under God’ in the Pledge has no substantial contemporary religious content. To remove a bare religious reference, without any palpable contemporary religious significance, after it has long been an accepted part of American life would be to fall into a trap Justice Goldberg long-ago cautioned against: ‘[U]ntutored devotion to the concept of neutrality can lead to invocation or approval of results which partake not simply of that noninterference and noninvolvement with the religious with which the Constitution commands, but of a brooding and pervasive devotion to the secular and a passive, or even active, hostility to the religious.’ School District of Abington Twshp. v. Schempp, supra, 374 U.S. at 306. For the reasons stated the judgment should be reversed. “

Elk Grove Unified School District v. Michael A. Newdow, American Jewish Congress Amicus Court Brief,
Dec. 17, 2003


“The American Jewish Congress was organized to provide a voice at Versailles for the Jews of Europe whose lives were disrupted by World War I, and to establish a mechanism for democratic decision-making for the Jewish community here at home. More than 350,000 Jews from throughout the U.S. selected delegates to attend the first American Jewish “Congress.” Among those elected were such giants as Rabbi Stephen S.Wise, Judge Louis Brandeis, Judge Felix Frankfurter, and Golda Meier Meyerson, then from Milwaukee. At that Congress, Wise set forth principles that were unique for the time and that continue to guide us today: that Jews are entitled not merely to charity, but to justice, and that there exist fundamental rights to which Jews and men and women of all faiths are entitled.”

“About Us,” American Jewish Congress website (accessed Feb. 28, 2007)


“The American Jewish Congress is an association of Jewish Americans organized to defend Jewish interests at home and abroad through public policy advocacy, using diplomacy legislation, and the courts.”

“About Us,” American Jewish Congress website (accessed Feb. 28, 2007)

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