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Alliance Defense Fund (ADF) Biography

Pro to the question "Should the Words “under God” Be in the US Pledge of Allegiance?"

“Removing the phrase ‘under God’ would constitute an absurd repudiation of America’s heritage. This is especially true when religious references are combined with patriotic or ceremonial expressions long recognized and respected in our nation’s history…As Justice Douglas succinctly observed in Zorach v. Clauson, 343 U.S. 306, 313-314 (1952): ‘We are a religious people whose institutions presuppose a Supreme Being.'”

Alliance Defense Fund Amicus Brief, Elk Grove Unified School District v. Michael A. Newdow, 2003

Theoretical Expertise Ranking:
Individuals and organizations that do not fit into the other star categories.

“ALLIANCE DEFENSE FUND (“ADF”) is a not-for-profit public interest organization that provides strategic planning, training, and funding to attorneys and organizations regarding religious civil liberties. ADF and its allied organizations represent hundreds of thousands of Americans who have a right to religious and patriotic expression in public schools andelsewhere. Its membership includes hundreds of lawyers and numerous public interest law firms. ADF has advocated for the rights of Americans under the First Amendment in hundreds of significant cases throughout the United States, having been directly or indirectly involved in at least 500 cases and legal matters…”

Alliance Defense Fund Amicus Brief, Elk Grove Unified School District v. Michael A. Newdow, 2003


“ADF was founded for a unique purpose: to aggressively defend religious liberty by empowering our allies, recognizing that together, we can accomplish far more than we can alone.

We work tirelessly to assist them in their efforts through strategy, training, funding, and, where necessary, direct litigation through our own ADF legal team.”

Alliance Defense Fund website (accessed Apr. 30, 2007)

Non-profit 501(c)(3)