Last updated on: 3/4/2009 | Author: ProCon.org

Alfred Theodore Goodwin, JD Biography

Title:
Senior Judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
Position:
Con to the question "Should the Words “under God” Be in the US Pledge of Allegiance?"
Reasoning:

“To recite the Pledge is not to describe the United States; instead, it is to swear allegiance to the values for which the flag stands: unity, indivisibility, liberty, justice, and – since 1954 – monotheism. The text of the official Pledge, codified in federal law, impermissibly takes a position with respect to the purely religious question of the existence and identity of God.”

Elk Grove School District v. Newdow, June 26, 2002

Involvement and Affiliations:
  • Senior Judge, United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, 1971-present
  • Chief Judge, United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, 1988-1991
  • Judge, United States District Court of Oregon, 1969-1971
  • Judge, Supreme Court of the State of Oregon, 1960-1969
  • Judge, Circuit Court of the State of Oregon, 1955-1960
  • Attorney, private practice, Eugene, Oregon, 1951-1955
  • Army Captain, United States Army, 1943-1946
Education:
  • JD, Law, University of Oregon, 1951
  • BA, Law, University of Oregon, 1949
Other:
  • Gave written majority opinion in Elk Grove School District v. Newdow