Last updated on: 2/22/2013 | Author: ProCon.org

Source Biographies

"Should the Words “under God” Be in the US Pledge of Allegiance?"
Summary of Positions

Pro Not Clearly Pro or Con (NC) Con None Found (?)
I. Individual 60 (38.5%) 11 (7.1%) 33 (21.2%) 52 (33.3%)
II. Organization 37 (33.6%) 1 (0.9%) 23 (20.9%) 49 (44.5%)

Sort by alphabetical order, Sort by position

I. Individual
- Pro -
Individuals Position
Akin, W. Todd, MDiv Pro
Allen, George, JD Pro
Banning, Sandra L. Pro
Barton, David Pro
Beckstrom, Darryn, MA Pro
Biden, Joe, JD Pro
Bonta, Steve, PhD Pro
Bowman, Louis Andrew, JD Pro
Brennan, William J., JD Pro
Brownback, Sam, JD Pro
Burns, Conrad Pro
Bush, George W., MBA Pro
Church, Forrest, PhD Pro
Davis, Derek, JD, PhD Pro
Dobson, James C., PhD Pro
Drakeman, Donald, JD, PhD Pro
Eisenhower, Dwight D. Pro
Falwell, Jerry Pro
Farah, Joseph Pro
Federer, William J. Pro
Feingold, Russ, JD Pro
Feldman, Noah, JD, PhD Pro
Fernandez, Ferdinand F., JD Pro
Flax, Bill Pro
Franks, Trent Pro
Frist, Bill, MD Pro
Goldson, Yonason Pro
Gonzales, Alberto, JD Pro
Hasson, Kevin Seamus, JD Pro
Hitchcock, James, PhD Pro
Huntington, Samuel P., JD Pro
Inglis, Bob, JD Pro
Kempthorne, Dirk Pro
Kennedy, D. James, PhD Pro
Kupelian, David Pro
Kurtz, Paul, PhD Pro
Kyl, Jon, LLB Pro
Lieberman, Joe, LLB Pro
Marylander, Grant, JD Pro
McCain, John Pro
Moore, Roy S., JD Pro
Muñoz, Vincent Phillip, PhD Pro
O'Connor, Sandra Day, LLB Pro
Obama, Barack, JD Pro
Olson, Theodore B., JD Pro
Paige, Rod, PhD Pro
Parsley, Rod Pro
Pelosi, Nancy Pro
Rehnquist, William, JD Pro
Rios, Sandy Pro
Robertson, Pat, JD Pro
Roy, Lisa Shaw, JD Pro
Safire, William Pro
Sandoz, Ellis, PhD Pro
Scalia, Antonin, LLB Pro
Schneider, Tom Pro
Staver, Mathew, JD Pro
West, Thomas G., PhD Pro
Williams, Karen J., JD Pro
Zavaletta, Joseph A., JD Pro
- Con -
Individuals Position
Barker, Dan Con
Boston, Rob Con
Buckner, Ed, PhD Con
Carroll, Jon Con
Chemerinsky, Erwin, JD Con
Choper, Jesse, LLB Con
Cline, Austin, MA Con
Curry, Rex, JD Con
Dershowitz, Alan M., LLB Con
Epstein, Steven, JD Con
Fink, Dan Con
Gaddy, C. Welton, PhD Con
Gasaway, Brantley, PhD Con
Goodwin, Alfred Theodore, JD Con
Hamilton, Marci A., JD Con
Hansen, Collin Con
Jacoby, Susan Con
Karlton, Lawrence K., JD Con
Laycock, Douglas, JD Con
Lynn, Barry W., JD Con
Mauro, Tony, MS Con
McGraw, Barbara A., JD, PhD Con
Newdow, Michael, JD, MD Con
O'Donnell, Patrick S., MA Con
Prescott, Bruce, PhD Con
Reinhardt, Stephen R., LLB Con
Remes, David H., JD Con
Sager, Lawrence G., LLB Con
Scheer, Robert Con
Sherman, Rob Con
Shiffrin, Steven H., JD Con
Thompson, John E., JD Con
Van Alstyne, William W., JD Con
- None Found -
Individuals Position
Adams, John ?
Balch, George T. ?
Barlow, Joel ?
Bellamy, Francis ?
Bonomi, Patricia U., PhD ?
Boykin, William ?
Brewer, David J., JD ?
Butler, John, PhD ?
Cohen, Charles L., PhD ?
Davis, Kenneth C. ?
Ellis, Richard J., PhD ?
Epps, Garrett, JD, LLM ?
Fleischer, Ari ?
Franklin, Benjamin ?
Goldwater, Barry ?
Grossberger, Lewis ?
Guenter, Scot, PhD ?
Guthrie, William Norman ?
Hall, Mark David, PhD ?
Hamilton, Alexander ?
Henry, Patrick ?
Heyrman, Christine, PhD ?
Hogan, Michael, PhD ?
Jay, John ?
Jayne, Allen, PhD ?
Jefferson, Thomas ?
Kelly, Charles "Chuck" M., PhD ?
Madison, James ?
Mason, George ?
Meacham, Jon ?
Montopoli, Brian ?
Morgan, Bill ?
Morris, David, PhD ?
Novak, Michael ?
O'Leary, Brad ?
Paine, Thomas ?
Pearlston, Carl B., JD ?
Powell, Garland W. ?
Reagan, Ronald W. ?
Roosevelt, Theodore ?
Rove, Karl ?
Rutman, Yisrael ?
Santorum, Rick, JD, MBA ?
Shuck, John, MDiv ?
Smolin, David M., JD ?
Vidal, Gore ?
Waldman, Steven ?
Warren, Earl, JD ?
Washington, George ?
Wikstrom, Erik Walker, MDiv ?
Wolff, Tobias B., JD ?
Yarbrough, Tinsley E., PhD ?
II. Organization
- Pro -
Organizations Position
Alliance Defense Fund (ADF) Pro
American Center for Law and Justice (ACLJ) Pro
American Family Association Pro
American Jewish Congress, Inc. Pro
American Legion Pro
Becket Fund for Religious Liberty Pro
Catholic League for Religious and Civil Rights Pro
Center for Individual Freedom Pro
Center for Public Justice Pro
Christian Educators Association International (CEAI) Pro
Christian Legal Society Pro
Claremont Institute Pro
Common Good Foundation Pro
Concerned Women for America Pro
Family Research Council Pro
Focus on the Family Pro
Foundation for Moral Law Pro
Grassfire (formerly Grassfire.net) Pro
Knights of Columbus Pro
Liberty Counsel Pro
Los Angeles Times Pro
National Clergy Council Pro
National Education Association (NEA) Pro
National Forum Foundation (NFF) Pro
National Jewish Commission on Law and Public Affairs (COLPA) Pro
National Legal Foundation Pro
National School Boards Association (NSBA) Pro
Pacific Justice Institute Pro
Pacific Legal Foundation (PLF) Pro
Pacific Research Institute Pro
Rutherford Institute Pro
Thomas More Law Center Pro
US Department of Justice (DOJ) Pro
US House of Representatives Pro
US Senate Pro
WallBuilders Pro
Your Catholic Voice Foundation Pro
- None Found -
Organizations Position
ABC News ?
Adventist News Network (ANN) ?
American Journalism Review ?
American Religion Data Archive (ARDA) ?
Associated Press ?
Bliss Institute ?
British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) ?
C-Span ?
Cable News Network (CNN) ?
CBS News ?
Church Growth Research Center ?
Columbia Encyclopedia ?
Connecticut Humanities Council (CHC) ?
Cornell Law Review ?
Daily Nebraskan ?
Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) ?
Early America Review ?
Education Commission of the States (ECS) ?
Ekklesia ?
First Things ?
FOX News ?
Gallup Organization ?
Graduate Center of the City University of New York (CUNY) ?
Guardian Unlimited (U.K.) ?
Harvard Civil Rights - Civil Liberties Law Review ?
International Social Survey Program (ISSP) ?
Ipsos North America ?
Jehovah's Witnesses United ?
Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary ?
New Advent Catholic Encyclopedia ?
New Anatolian ?
New York Times ?
Newsweek ?
NJ.com ?
Oregon Law Review ?
Pew Research Center ?
Reuters ?
San Jose Mercury News ?
Slovak Spectator ?
SurveyUSA ?
US Department of State ?
US Department of the Treasury ?
US National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) ?
US Supreme Court ?
Washington Post ?
Washington Times ?
Wikipedia ?
World Almanac for Kids ?