III. Related Links
Associated Press writer Jim Abrams reported on July 20, 2006:
“Legislation [Pledge Protection Act aka HR 2389] to bar federal courts from ruling on constitutional issues arising from the Pledge of Allegiance, including the ‘one nation, under God’ reference, passed the House after lawmakers argued that the pledge is linked to the nation’s spiritual history.
Opponents countered that such a law, a priority of social conservatives, would undercut judicial independence and deny access to federal courts to religious minorities seeking to defend their rights.
The measure faced an uncertain future in the Senate [S.1046] after the House voted 260-167 on Wednesday [July 19, 2006].”
July 20, 2006 Associated Press
See the full text of S.1046
Sen. Jon Kyl of Arizona introduced the bill known as the Pledge Protection Act 2005 (S.1046) to the Senate on May 17, 2005. The bill was referred to the Judiciary Committee who have until the end of the 109th Congress (estimated to end Oct. 6, 2006) to take action.
2. Read the full text of S.1046.
3. See the related House Pledge Protection Act 2005.
4. Examine the earlier Pledge Protection Act 2003 from the 108th Congress.
5. Research the Congressional Actions on the Pledge of Allegiance.