Judge for the US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
Con to the question "Should the Words "under God" Be in the US Pledge of Allegiance?"
"Under the plain meaning of the words of the amendment to the Pledge, its context, the legislative history of its enactment, and all of the surrounding circumstances, there can be no doubt that the purpose of adding the words 'under God' to the Pledge of Allegiance was predominantly, if not exclusively, religious and that the daily recitation in public schools of the Pledge in its amended form violates the Lemon test, and thus the Establishment Clause."
Newdow v. Rio Linda Union School District, dissenting opinion, uscourts.gov, Mar. 11, 2010
Experts JD's (lawyers), US Presidents, federal appellate opinions, US Founding Fathers, Members of Congress, members of state legislative bodies with significant involvement in, or related to, the "under God" conflict and/or government and constitutional law, and those with PhD's in government, constitutional law or other relevant fields. [Note: Experts definition varies by site.]
Involvement and Affiliations:
Judge, US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, 1980-present
Secretary, Los Angeles Organizing Committee for the 1984 Olympics
Nominated to the US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit by President Jimmy Carter on Nov. 30, 1979 and approved by the US Senate on Sep. 11, 1980
Married to Ramona Ripston, former Executive Director of ACLU of Southern California
Born in New York, NY in 1931
"Judge Stephen Reinhardt of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit is widely regarded as one of the most influential-and liberal-judges in the country... As a member of the San Francisco-based Ninth Circuit-the largest federal appellate court in the nation-Judge Reinhardt has authored rulings on, among many other cutting-edge legal issues, same-sex marriage, physician-assisted suicide, the death penalty, and term limits." "Events: Barrett Lecture; Judge Stephen Reinhardt, Thursday, February 25," law.ucdavis.edu (accessed Nov. 6, 2013)