Senior Judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
Con to the question "Should the Words "under God" Be in the US Pledge of Allegiance?"
"To recite the Pledge is not to describe the United States; instead, it is to swear allegiance to the values for which the flag stands: unity, indivisibility, liberty, justice, and - since 1954 - monotheism. The text of the official Pledge, codified in federal law, impermissibly takes a position with respect to the purely religious question of the existence and identity of God."
Elk Grove School District v. Newdow, June 26, 2002
Experts JD's (lawyers), US Presidents, federal appellate opinions, US Founding Fathers, Members of Congress, members of state legislative bodies with significant involvement in, or related to, the "under God" conflict and/or government and constitutional law, and those with PhD's in government, constitutional law or other relevant fields. [Note: Experts definition varies by site.]
Involvement and Affiliations:
Senior Judge, United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, 1971-present
Chief Judge, United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, 1988-1991
Judge, United States District Court of Oregon, 1969-1971
Judge, Supreme Court of the State of Oregon, 1960-1969
Judge, Circuit Court of the State of Oregon, 1955-1960