Experts JD's (lawyers), US Presidents, federal appellate opinions, US Founding Fathers, Members of Congress, members of state legislative bodies with significant involvement in, or related to, the "under God" conflict and/or government and constitutional law, and those with PhD's in government, constitutional law or other relevant fields. [Note: Experts definition varies by site.]
Involvement and Affiliations:
Returned to America on an invitation from Thomas Jefferson. Paine discovered that his contributions to the American Revolution had been all but eradicated due to his religious views. Derided by the public and abandoned by his friends, he died on June 8, 1809 at the age of 72 in New York City, 1802
Imprisoned in France for not endorsing the execution of Louis XVI. He was freed in 1794 (narrowly escaping execution) thanks to the efforts of James Monroe, then U.S. Minister to France, 1793
Returned to England. Pursued other ventures, including working on a smokeless candle and an iron bridge, 1783
Produced The Crisis (1776-83), which helped inspire the Army. This pamphlet was "so popular that as a percentage of the population, it was read by more people than today watch the Superbowl," 1776-1783
Joined the Continental Army and was unsuccessful as a soldier, 1776
Co-editor of the Pennsylvania Magazine. Published his "African Slavery in America," criticizing slavery in America as being unjust and inhumane, 1775
Met Benjamin Franklin in London, who helped him emigrate to Philadelphia, 1774
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Wrote and distributed the his most famous work at the time, the "deist-atheist text," The Age of Reason, 1794-1796
Wrote The Rights of Man in response to criticism of the French Revolution. This work caused Paine to be labeled an outlaw in England for his anti-monarchist views. Fled for France to join the National Convention, 1791-1792
Published Common Sense, a strong defense of American Independence from England, 1776
Born in Thetford, England on January 29, 1737. He married Mary Lambert in 1759. She died the next year. On the March 26, 1771 he married Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel Ollive, with whom he had lodged.
Deceased on June 8, 1809 at the age of 72 in New York City.