Experts JD's (lawyers), US Presidents, federal appellate opinions, US Founding Fathers, Members of Congress, members of state legislative bodies with significant involvement in, or related to, the "under God" conflict and/or government and constitutional law, and those with PhD's in government, constitutional law or other relevant fields. [Note: Experts definition varies by site.]
Involvement and Affiliations:
President, American Bible Society, 1821-1828
Governor, New York, 1795-1781
First Chief Justice, United States, 1789-1795
Contributed five papers to The Federalist, 1768
Secretary of Foreign Affairs, United States, 1784-1789
Commissioner, Paris negotiations (to negotiate peace with Great Britain), 1781
Minister Plenipotentiary to Spain, 1779
President, Continental Congress, 1778
Chief Justice of New York, 1777
Guided the drafting of the first New York state constitution, 1777
Delegate, First and Second Continental Congresses, 1774-1777
Admitted to the bar, 1768
King's College, 1764
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In pre-Revolutionary activities he reflected the views of the conservative colonial merchant, opposing British actions but not favoring independence. Once the Declaration of Independence was proclaimed, however, he energetically supported the patriot cause.
When the still-unsettled controversies with Great Britain threatened to involve the United States in war, Jay was drafted for a mission to England in 1794, where he concluded what is known as Jay's Treaty.
In 1801 he declined reelection for Governor of New York, and also renomination to the U.S. Supreme Court and retired to his farm at Bedford in Westchester County, N.Y. for the remaining 28 years of his life.
Married to Sarah, daughter of William Livingston, which allied him with that influential family.