Rep. Lamar Smith, Republican from Texas, introduced House Joint Resolution 54 also known as the Students' Rights Resolution of 2001 on June 21, 2001. It proposed Recognizing the authority of public schools to allow students to exercise their constitutional rights by establishing a period of time for silent prayer or meditation or reflection, encouraging the recitation of the Pledge of Allegiance, and refusing to discriminate against individuals or groups on account of their religious character or speech. It was submitted to the Committee on the Judiciary and the Committee on Education and the Workforce. On Aug. 10, 2001 it was referred to the House Subcommittee on Education Reform.
Students' Rights Resolution of 2001 resolved,
" (a) RECOGNITION OF CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS- Congress recognizes the right, as established by the Constitution and upheld by the Supreme Court, of all Americans to freely exercise their religion.
(b) RECOGNITION OF STUDENTS' RIGHTS- Congress recognizes the constitutional right of students in public schools to participate in a daily period of time to be used for silent prayer or meditation or reflection and to recite the Pledge of Allegiance ; and the right of religious groups to have equal access to school facilities without discrimination on account of religious character or speech.
(c) PROTECTION OF STUDENTS' RIGHTS- It is the sense of Congress that public schools should act to protect these constitutional rights by establishing a period of time for silent prayer or meditation or reflection, establishing a recitation of the Pledge of Allegiance , and accommodating religious groups by granting equal access rather than discriminating on account of their religious character or speech."