Rep. Todd Akin, Republican from Missouri, introduced House Bill 5064 more commonly known as the Pledge Protection Act of 2002 on July 8, 2002. It would amend title 28 of the United States Code, with respect to the jurisdiction of Federal courts inferior to the Supreme Court over certain cases and controversies involving the Pledge of Allegiance. It was then submitted to the Committee on the Judiciary. On July 18, 2002 it was referred to the Subcommittee on the Constitution.
The Pledge Protection Act of 2002 stated, "No court established by Act of Congress shall have jurisdiction to hear or determine any claim that the recitation of the Pledge of Allegiance, as set forth in section 4 of title 4, violates the first article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States."