Rep. Frank Lucas, Republican from Oklahoma, introduced House Joint Resolution 26 proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States on Feb. 27, 2003 to protect the Pledge of Allegiance. It was submitted to the Committee on the Judiciary. On May 6, 2003 it was referred to the House Subcommittee on the Constitution.
House Joint Resolution 26 resolved, "by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled (two-thirds of each House concurring therein), That the following article is proposed as an amendment to the Constitution of the United States, which shall be valid to all intents and purposes as part of the Constitution when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years after the date of its submission for ratification:
It is not an establishment of religion for teachers in a public school to recite, or to lead willing students in the recitation of, the following pledge: `I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of America and to the Republic for which it stands, one Nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.'"