Sen. Lisa Murkowski, Republican from Alaska, introduced Senate Resolution 71 on Mar. 4, 2003 expressing support for the Pledge of Allegiance where it was agreed to with an amendment and with a preamble by a Yea-Nay Vote.
Senate Resolution 71 resolved, "That the Senate--
(1) strongly disapproves of a decision by a panel of the Ninth Circuit in Newdow, and the decision of the full court not to reconsider this case en banc; and
(2) authorizes and instructs the Senate Legal Counsel either to seek to intervene in the case to defend the constitutionality of the words `under God' in the Pledge , or to file an amicus curiae brief in support of the continuing constitutionality of the words `under God' in the Pledge."