Rep. John Carter, Republican from Texas, introduced House Joint Resolution 39 proposing an amendment to the Constitution of the United States relative to references to God in the Pledge of Allegiance and on United States coins and currency on Mar. 13, 2003. It was submitted to the Committee on the Judiciary. On May 5, 2003 it was referred to the House Subcommittee on the Constitution.
House Joint Resolution 39 resolved, "by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled (two-thirds of each House concurring therein), That the following article is proposed as an amendment to the Constitution of the United States, which shall be valid to all intents and purposes as part of the Constitution when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years after the date of its submission for ratification:
A law that prescribes the Pledge of Allegiance or provides for United States coins or currency is not a law respecting an establishment of religion because it refers to God in the Pledge or includes a reference to God on coins or currency."