Rep. Todd Akin, Republican from Missouri, introduced the House Bill known as the Pledge Protection Act 2004 on May 8, 2003. It would amend title 28 of United States Code with respect to the jurisdiction of Federal courts over certain cases and controversies involving the Pledge of Allegiance. On Sept. 23, 2004 the bill passed the House of Representatives by roll call vote. On Sept. 27, 2004 it was recieved by the Senate. This bill did not become a law.
Pledge Protection Act 2004 stated, "No court created by Act of Congress shall have any jurisdiction, and the Supreme Court shall have no appellate jurisdiction, to hear or decide any question pertaining to the interpretation of, or the validity under the Constitution of, the Pledge of Allegiance, as defined in section 4 of title 4, or its recitation. The limitation in this section shall not apply to the Superior Court of the District of Columbia or the District of Columbia Court of Appeals."